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Gibraltar and Spain Agreement

On Thursday, Spanish Foreign Minister Arancha González Laya announced at the last minute a deal with British and Gibraltarian negotiators that would avoid the possibility of travelers and goods being stranded at the border from Friday. Tobacco. The document discusses excise duties on “sensitive products” (tobacco, alcohol and fuel) and the need to take measures to ensure a level playing field and the traceability of tobacco products. On 18 October 2018, Spanish Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez announced that he had reached an agreement with the United Kingdom, stating that a special protocol on Gibraltar was being prepared with the British government and hoped to reach a good agreement for both sides. [91] [92] [93] [94] Am 19. However, in November 2018, the Spanish government threatened not to support the draft Brexit deal because it says an article was added without its consent that could be misunderstood, leaving Spain with no say in Gibraltar. [95] On November 22, 2018, Prime Minister Sánchez and Prime Minister May discussed the issue, but the Spanish Prime Minister said that “our positions remain far away. My Government will always defend The Interests of Spain. If there are no changes, we will veto Brexit. [96] [97] [98] On 24 November 2018, Spain agreed not to veto the Brexit deal in exchange for a tripartite statement by the President of the European Commission and the President of the European Council, the UK government and EU member states that no agreement on Gibraltar would be reached without Spain`s consent. The EU statement also said the EU does not consider Gibraltar to be part of the UK.

[99] [100] [101] “It`s a bit like the side-by-side orders you`d see at St. Pancras station if you`re travelling with the Eurostar. You would first go through British passport control. And then a few steps later, you went through French passport control. This is exactly the constellation of what we are proposing if the European Commission accepts and we turn our previous agreement into a treaty. » Transition period. During a four-year “appropriate implementation period”, Spain will request operational support from the European Border Agency Frontex to carry out tasks related to Schengen controls and external border management as part of a joint mission. In the event that one of the parties (Spain or the United Kingdom, including Gibraltar nationals) is not satisfied with the results after four years, the agreement will be terminated after a consultation period.

The document describing this preliminary agreement, to which EL PAÃS had access, envisages the demolition of any “physical barrier” between British territory and Spain in relation to the 1.2-kilometre border that separates Gibraltar from the Spanish city of La Lãnea de la Concepciã³n in the province of Cã¡diz. This border is traditionally known as La Verja or fence and was closed under Franco for 13 years from 1969 to 1982. Customs controls are carried out by officials on both sides, and greater border fluidity has long been a demand of residents and businesses. 2013 – Disagreements between Spain and the British government resurfaced in July 2013, initially after the Gibraltar government placed a series of concrete blocks into the sea off the coast of Gibraltar to form an artificial reef. However, the Spanish government protested, saying it would have a negative impact on fishing in the region and restrict access for Spanish fishing vessels. At the end of July, the Spanish government introduced additional border controls for and from the region to Spain. The British government protested as the controls caused significant delays of up to seven hours while people waited to cross the border, and on August 2, the Spanish ambassador was summoned to the British Foreign and Commonwealth Office in London to discuss these developments. [87] With the return of a centre-left government to Spain in 2004, a new Spanish position was adopted, and in December 2005, the governments of the United Kingdom, Spain and Gibraltar agreed to establish “a new process of trilateral dialogue outside the Brussels process” with equal participation of all three parties, with all decisions or agreements to be approved by all three parties.

[32] This was ratified by the 2006 Cordoba Convention. After meetings in Malaga (Spain), Faro (Portugal) and Mallorca (Spain), Spanish Foreign Minister Miguel Ángel Moratinos visited Gibraltar in July 2009 to discuss a number of common issues. This was the first Spanish official visit since the cession of Gibraltar. The issue of sovereignty has not been addressed. [33] While the UK struck a Brexit deal on Christmas Eve, it wasn`t until New Year`s Eve that Spain, Britain and Gibraltar reached an agreement after Gibraltar Prime Minister Fabian Picardo described to a House of Lords committee in January the “most turbulent negotiations, the most difficult – intensely political” he has ever known. .

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